Physics Fixes

by David Bryan Wallace, Cape Coral, Florida, USA
Copyright © 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016. If you wish to quote, reproduce or publish my essays, I would be glad to have you do so provided you first ask my permission and you include proper attribution.

Welcome to the Physics Fixes website. I hope you find it interesting. If you have questions, comments or suggestions, please e-mail me:

Physics Fixes website is maintained on an x10Hosting free web server at The site is non-commercial and advertisement free. You can receive update notices by following Physics Fixes on Facebook or on Twitter. To see update history for this site since April 1, 2014 click here.

The Physics Fixes website calls attention to unresolved questions in physics, and presents clearly reasoned corrections to errors or misconceptions in physics. The essays, though intended to be significant and consequential, mostly take the form of short essays.

About the Author

I, David Bryan Wallace,, am a retired mathematics instructor living in Cape Coral, Florida, USA. My thoughts in physics evolve by considering the implications of the experiments and theories of others. I acknowledge the influence of Thomas S. Kuhn whose book The Structure of Scientific Revolutions I read in 1963 when it was a newly published book and I was a student at Carleton College.

Many people have low regard for writings that include alternative theories, but the scientific process requires consideration of alternatives. The person who only bolsters his belief in what he already believes is too closed-minded to be a good scientist. Presenting an alternative theoretical model does not imply an exclusive claim to being "right". More than one theory can be sound so far as known from all empirical evidence. While I do call attention to some aspects of standard theories that arouse my interest in considering alternatives, I do so to arouse the reader's interest in considering alternatives also. I believe that consideration of my new theoretical models will enhance the reader's understanding of the physical problems to which both theories refer. Theories are supposed to meet certain requirements: usefulness, testability, logical self-consistency. These are the appropriate criteria for judging theories, not the criterion of consistency with some standard theory. Regarding testability, a theory is called into question by contrary empirical evidence, not by empirical evidence being not contrary to another theory. Regarding logical self-consistency, in some instances it appears that the physics community tolerates some inconsistency so long as the theory is useful. Perhaps due to my mathematical training, I find a theory's lack of logical self-consistency very difficult to accept.

Table of Contents